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Samsara in Chinese / Japanese...

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Samsara / Endless Cycle of Rebirth

China lún huí
Japan rinne
Samsara / Endless Cycle of Rebirth Vertical Wall Scroll

輪廻 is one of a few ways to express संसार or Saṃsāra in Chinese, Japanese, and old Korean.

The Buddhist term can be translated several ways, including:
Endless cycle of death and rebirth.
The turning of the wheel.
To revolve.
Transmigration in the six ways.
The wheel of transmigration.
The round of existence.

Reincarnation / Transmigration of Souls

China lún huí
Japan rin ne
Reincarnation / Transmigration of Souls Vertical Wall Scroll

輪回 / 輪廻 is a universal word in Japanese and Chinese that expresses the Buddhist idea of "reincarnation," "transmigration of souls" or "the eternal cycle of birth and death."

In some context, this can also mean "karma," and others will say it represents "samsara."

The first character means wheel, ring, turn, circle, loop or rotate.
The second character can be thought of as a suffix meaning "-times." This second character can also refer to something that revolves, returns, goes back, or a counter for the number of occurrences of some event.
Together the sum supersedes the parts and it means reincarnation. But knowing the seeing the essence of each character may help you understand some of the meaning behind the word.

廻Shown to the right is the more common way to write the second character in Japanese. It's an alternate form of this character in Chinese (so neither way is technically wrong in either language). If you select a Japanese calligrapher, expect that is will look like the Kanji to the right.

See Also:  Buddhism | Rebirth

Not the results for samsara that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your samsara search...


If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Simple Dictionary Definition



see styles
Mandarin lún huí / lun2 hui2
Taiwan lun hui
Japanese rinne / りんね    kururu / くるる
Reincarnation / Transmigration of Souls Vertical Wall Scroll
Japanese (noun/participle) (Buddhist term) samsara; endless cycle of death and rebirth; (female given name) Rinne; (female given name) Kururu


see styles
Mandarin sān chéng / san1 cheng2
Taiwan san ch`eng / san cheng
Japanese minori / みのり
Japanese (surname) Minori



see styles
Mandarin sān chē / san1 che1
Taiwan san ch`e / san che
Japanese sansha
triyāna. 三乘 or 三乘法門 (1) The three vehicles across saṃsāra into nirvāṇa, i.e. the carts offered by the father in the Lotus Sutra to lure his children out of the burning house: (a) goat carts, representing śrāvakas; (b) deer carts, pratyekabuddhas; (c) bullock carts, bodhisattvas. (2) The three principal schools of Buddhism— Hīnayāna, Madhyamayāna, Mahāyāna; three carts


see styles
Mandarin liù dù / liu4 du4
Taiwan liu tu
Japanese rokudo / ろくど
Japanese (surname) Rokudo
The six things that ferry one beyond the sea of mortality to nirvana, i. e. the six pāramitās 波羅蜜 (波羅蜜多): (1) 布施 dāna, charity, or giving, including the bestowing of the truth on others; (2) 持戒 śīla, keeping the command rents; (3) 忍辱 kṣānti, patience under insult; (4) 精進 vīrya, zeal and progress; (5) 闡定 dhyāna, meditation or contemplation; (6) 智慧 prajñā; wisdom, the power to discern reality or truth. It is the last that carries across the saṃsāra (sea of incarnate life) to the shores of nirvana. The opposites of these virtues are meanness, wickedness, anger, sloth, a distracted mind, and ignorance. The 唯識論 adds four other pāramitās: (7) 方便 upāya, the use of appropriate means; (8) 願 praṇidhāna, pious vows; (9) 力 bala, power of fulfillment; (10) 智 jñāna knowledge; six perfections


see styles
Mandarin bǐ àn / bi3 an4
Taiwan pi an
Japanese higan / ひがん
Chinese the other shore; (Buddhism) paramita
Japanese (1) equinoctial week (when Buddhist services are held); (2) (abbreviation) (See 彼岸会) Buddhist services during the equinoctial week; (3) {Buddh} (See 此岸) nirvana



see styles
Mandarin liú zhuǎn / liu2 zhuan3
Taiwan liu chuan
Japanese ruten
Chinese to be on the move; to roam or wander; to circulate (of goods or capital)
saṃsāra, transmigration, flowing and returning, flowing back again; continuity


see styles
Mandarin shēng sǐ / sheng1 si3
Taiwan sheng ssu
Japanese seishi(p);shoushi;shouji / seshi(p);shoshi;shoji / せいし(P);しょうし;しょうじ
Chinese life or death
Japanese (1) life and death; (2) (しょうし, しょうじ only) {Buddh} samsara (cycle of death and rebirth); (3) (しょうし, しょうじ only) death



see styles
Mandarin lún huí / lun2 hui2
Taiwan lun hui
Japanese meguru / めぐる
Chinese variant of 輪迴|轮回[lun2 hui2]
Japanese (irregular kanji usage) (noun/participle) (Buddhist term) samsara; endless cycle of death and rebirth; (female given name) Meguru


see styles
Mandarin jiāng suō luò / jiang1 suo1 luo4
Taiwan chiang so lo
Japanese sōsharaku


see styles
Mandarin sàn tà luō / san4 ta4 luo1
Taiwan san t`a lo / san ta lo


see styles
Mandarin yǒu lòu dào / you3 lou4 dao4
Taiwan yu lou tao
Japanese uro dō
(or 有漏路) The way of mortal saṃsāra, in contrast with 無漏道 that of nirvāṇa; contaminated path



see styles
Mandarin jiǔ fù yī tuō / jiu3 fu4 yi1 tuo1
Taiwan chiu fu i t`o / chiu fu i to
Japanese ku baku ichi datsu



see styles
Mandarin yǒu wéi shēng sǐ / you3 wei2 sheng1 si3
Taiwan yu wei sheng ssu
Japanese ui shōji
The mortal saṃsāra life of births and deaths, contrasted with 無爲生死 effortless mortality, e. g. transformation such as that of the Bodhisattva; conditioned birth and death


see styles
Mandarin shēng sǐ dà hǎi / sheng1 si3 da4 hai3
Taiwan sheng ssu ta hai
Japanese shōshi daikai
The ocean of mortality, mortal life, 輪迴 saṃsāra, or transmigrations; great ocean of birth and death


see styles
Japanese rinne / りんね Japanese (noun/participle) {Buddh} samsara; endless cycle of death and rebirth

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Reincarnation / Transmigration of Souls Vertical Wall Scroll
Reincarnation / Transmigration of Souls Vertical Wall Scroll
Reincarnation / Transmigration of Souls Vertical Wall Scroll
Reincarnation / Transmigration of Souls Vertical Wall Scroll

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Reincarnation / Transmigration of Souls Vertical Portrait
Reincarnation / Transmigration of Souls Horizontal Wall Scroll
Reincarnation / Transmigration of Souls Vertical Portrait

Lookup Samsara in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary

The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Endless Cycle of Rebirth
rinnelún huí / lun2 hui2 / lun hui / lunhui
Transmigration of Souls
輪回 / 輪廻
rin ne / rinnelún huí / lun2 hui2 / lun hui / lunhui
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.

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A professional Chinese Calligrapher

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Trying to learn Chinese calligrapher - a futile effort

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A high-ranked Chinese master calligrapher that I met in Zhongwei

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13 people have searched for Samsara in Chinese or Japanese in the past year.
Samsara was last searched for by someone else on Apr 11th, 2018