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Sacrifice in Chinese / Japanese...

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Sacrifice

China xī shēng
Japan gi sei
Sacrifice Vertical Wall Scroll

犧牲 / 犠牲 means sacrifice in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.

There is a suggestion in this word that this regards sacrificing your life.

Note: Depending on context, this can also mean victim or scapegoat in Japanese.

In original and ancient Chinese, this word referred to sacrificial animals. It can still have this meaning in a Buddhist context.


犠The version of the first character used in modern Japan looks like the image to the right. If you order this from the Japanese master calligrapher, it will be written in this Japanese version.

Self Sacrifice

China shě jǐ
Japan sutemi / suteki
Self Sacrifice Vertical Wall Scroll

This Chinese and Japanese word means selfless, self-sacrifice (to help others), self-renunciation, or altruism.

Sacrifice / Devotion / Dedication

(complete bodily devotion)
China xiàn shēn
Japan ken shin
Sacrifice / Devotion / Dedication Vertical Wall Scroll

獻身 is used to describe being so devoted to something that you will make sacrifices for that goal/thing/person.

You can also translate this word as any of the following:

Give one's life for...
Sacrifice one's life for...
To dedicate oneself to...
Self-devotion
Dedication
Commit ones energy to...
Devote to...
Self-sacrifice
Giving your whole body to...

This can be a dedication to or for someone but more often is used in reference to a dedication or making sacrifices for your country, public service, or a cause. For instance, an Olympic athlete makes great sacrifices to train in his/her sport for their country and compatriots.


献
身
While the form shown to the upper-left is considered an ancient Japanese version, in modern Japan, they use the simplified version of the first Kanji (shown to the right). Click on the Kanji at the right instead of the button above if you want this modern Japanese version.

If you are looking for a more religious meaning of devotion, see Faith.


See Also:  Confidence | Dedication

Better to sacrifice your life than your principles

China shě shēng qǔ yì
Better to sacrifice your life than your principles Vertical Wall Scroll

捨生取義 is a Chinese proverb that comes from the philosopher Mencius.

It can be translated a few different ways:
To give up life for righteousness.
To choose honor over life
Better to sacrifice one's life than one's principles.

Not the results for sacrifice that you were looking for?

Below are some entries from our dictionary that may match your sacrifice search...

Characters

If shown, 2nd row is Simp. Chinese

Pronunciation
Romanization
Simple Dictionary Definition

see styles
Mandarin míng / ming2
Taiwan ming
Japanese mei / me / めい    min / みん    myou / myo / みょう
Better to sacrifice your life than your principles Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese bright; opposite: dark 暗[an4]; (of meaning) clear; to understand; next; public or open; wise; generic term for a sacrifice to the gods; Ming Dynasty (1368-1644); surname Ming; Ming (c. 2000 BC), fourth of the legendary Flame Emperors, 炎帝[Yan2 di4] descended from Shennong 神農|神农[Shen2 nong2] Farmer God
Japanese (1) brightness; (2) clarity; acumen; (3) power of vision; Ming (dynasty of China, 1368-1644); (1) {Buddh} vidya (wisdom); (2) (See 真言・1) mantra; (prefix) (3) the coming (4th of July, etc.); (given name) Tooru; (female given name) Sayaka; (female given name) Saya; (male given name) Satoshi; (personal name) Asumi; (surname) Akera; (personal name) Akemine; (surname) Akesaki; (place-name, surname) Ake; (female given name) Akuru; (surname) Akiraka; (surname, female given name) Akira; (personal name) Akinori; (personal name) Akitsugu; (surname, female given name) Aki; (female given name) Akaru; (surname, female given name) Akari; (personal name) Akamine; (personal name) Akajio; (personal name) Akashio; (surname, female given name) Akashi
vidyā, knowledge. ming means bright, clear, enlightenment, intp. by 智慧 or 聰明 wisdom, wise; to understand. It represents Buddha-wisdom and its revelation; also the manifestation of a Buddha's light or effulgence; it is a term for 眞言 because the 'true word' can destroy the obscurity of illusion; the 'manifestation' of the power of the object of worship; it means also dhāraṇīs or mantras of mystic wisdom. Also, the Ming dynasty A. D. 1368-1644.


see styles
Mandarin shàn // chán / shan4 // chan2
Taiwan shan // ch`an / shan // chan
Japanese yuzuri / ゆずり    zen / ぜん
Better to sacrifice your life than your principles Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese to abdicate; dhyana (Sanskrit); Zen; meditation (Buddhism)
Japanese (out-dated kanji) (1) (Buddhist term) dhyana (profound meditation); (2) (abbreviation) Zen (Buddhism); (surname) Yuzuri; (personal name) Zen
To level a place for an altar, to sacrifice to the hills and fountains; to abdicate. Adopted by Buddhists for dhyāna, 禪 or 禪那, i.e. meditation, abstraction, trance. dhyāna is 'meditation, thought, reflection, especially profound and abstract religious contemplation'. M.W. It was intp. as 'getting rid of evil', etc., later as 靜慮 quiet meditation. It is a form of 定, but that word is more closely allied with samādhi, cf. 禪定. The term also connotes Buddhism and Buddhist things in general, but has special application to the 禪宗 q.v. It is one of the six pāramitās, cf. 波. There are numerous methods and subjects of meditation. The eighteen brahmalokas are divided into four dhyāna regions 'corresponding to certain frames of mind where individuals might be reborn in strict accordance with their spiritual state'. The first three are the first dhyāna, the second three the second dhyāna, the third three the third dhyāna, and the remaining nine the fourth dhyāna. See Eitel. According to Childers' Pali Dictionary, 'The four jhānas are four stages of mystic meditation, whereby the believer's mind is purged from all earthly emotions, and detached as it were from his body, which remains plunged in a profound trance.' Seated cross-legged, the practiser 'concentrates his mind upon a single thought. Gradually his soul becomes filled with a supernatural ecstasy and serenity', his mind still reasoning: this is the first jhāna. Concentrating his mind on the same subject, he frees it from reasoning, the ecstasy and serenity remaining, which is the second jhāna. Then he divests himself of ecstasy, reaching the third stage of serenity. Lastly, in the fourth stage the mind becomes indifferent to all emotions, being exalted above them and purified. There are differences in the Mahāyāna methods, but similarity of aim.

捨己


舍己

see styles
Mandarin shě jǐ / she3 ji3
Taiwan she chi
Japanese sutemi / すてみ    suteki / すてき
Better to sacrifice your life than your principles Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese selfless; self-sacrifice (to help others); self-renunciation; altruism
Japanese (given name) Sutemi; (given name) Suteki

無量


无量

see styles
Mandarin wú liàng / wu2 liang4
Taiwan wu liang
Japanese muryou / muryo / むりょう
Better to sacrifice your life than your principles Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese measureless; immeasurable
Japanese (noun - becomes adjective with の) immeasurable; (given name) Muryou
apramāṇa; amita; ananta; immeasurable, unlimited, e.g. the 'four infinite' characteristics of a bodhisattva are 慈悲喜捨 kindness, pity, joy, and self-sacrifice; uncountable

獻身


献身

see styles
Mandarin xiàn shēn / xian4 shen1
Taiwan hsien shen
Better to sacrifice your life than your principles Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese to commit one's energy to; to devote oneself to; to sacrifice one's life for; (coll.) (of a woman) to give one's virginity to
Japanese See: 献身

菩薩


菩萨

see styles
Mandarin pú sà / pu2 sa4
Taiwan p`u sa / pu sa
Japanese bosatsu(p);bosachi(ok) / ぼさつ(P);ぼさち(ok)
Better to sacrifice your life than your principles Vertical Wall Scroll
Chinese Bodhisattva (Buddhism)
Japanese (n,n-suf) (1) {Buddh} bodhisattva; one who has reached enlightenment but vows to save all beings before becoming a buddha; (2) High Monk (title bestowed by the imperial court); (3) (See 本地垂迹説) title bestowed to Shinto kami in manifestation theory; (surname) Mizoro
bodhisattva, cf. 菩提薩埵. While the idea is not foreign to Hīnayāna, its extension of meaning is one of the chief marks of Mahāyāna. 'The Bodhisattva is indeed the characteristic feature of the Mahāyāna.' Keith. According to Mahāyāna the Hinayanists, i.e. the śrāvaka and pratyekabuddha, seek their own salvation, while the bodhisattva's aim is the salvation of others and of all. The earlier intp. of bodhisattva was 大道心衆生 all beings with mind for the truth; later it became 大覺有情 conscious beings of or for the great intelligence, or enlightenment. It is also intp. in terms of leadership, heroism, etc. In general it is a Mahayanist seeking Buddhahood, but seeking it altruistically; whether monk or layman, he seeks enlightenment to enlighten others, and he will sacrifice himself to save others; he is devoid of egoism and devoted to helping others. All conscious beings having the Buddha-nature are natural bodhisattvas, but require to undergo development. The mahāsattva is sufficiently advanced to become a Buddha and enter nirvāṇa, but according to his vow he remains in the realm of incarnation to save all conscious beings. A monk should enter on the arduous course of discipline which leads to Bodhisattvahood and Buddhahood.

捨生取義


舍生取义

see styles
Mandarin shě shēng qǔ yì / she3 sheng1 qu3 yi4
Taiwan she sheng ch`ü i / she sheng chü i
Chinese to give up life for righteousness (idiom, from Mencius); to choose honor over life; would rather sacrifice one's life than one's principles

see styles
Mandarin/ zu3
Taiwan tsu
Japanese so / そ
Chinese a stand for food at sacrifice
Japanese altar of sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin zhào / zhao4
Taiwan chao
Chinese sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin kuǎn / kuan3
Taiwan k`uan / kuan
Chinese (tree); stand for sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin xūn / xun1
Taiwan hsün
Chinese fumes from sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin fán / fan2
Taiwan fan
Chinese burn; to roast meat for sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin láo / lao2
Taiwan lao
Japanese rou / ro / ろう
Chinese firm; sturdy; fold (for animals); sacrifice; prison
Japanese prison; jail; gaol
A gaol, fold, pen; secure, firm; a pen

see styles
Mandarin shēng / sheng1
Taiwan sheng
Japanese suminori / すみのり    sumie / すみえ
Chinese domestic animal; sacrificial animal
Japanese (1) (archaism) offering (to the gods, emperor, etc.); (2) gift; (3) sacrifice; (personal name) Suminori; (personal name) Sumie


see styles
Mandarin/ xi1
Taiwan hsi
Chinese sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin yuè / yue4
Taiwan yüeh
Chinese pearl used in sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin zhì / zhi4
Taiwan chih
Chinese ancient sacrifice


see styles
Mandarin/ yi4
Taiwan i
Chinese bury; sacrifice
To bury, offer in sacrifice.

礿

see styles
Mandarin yuè / yue4
Taiwan yüeh
Chinese spring imperial ancestral sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin/ si4
Taiwan ssu
Japanese ji
Chinese to sacrifice; to offer libation to
festival

see styles
Mandarin/ qu1
Taiwan ch`ü / chü
Chinese sacrifice to drive away calamity; to dispel; to drive away; to remove

see styles
Mandarin/ ci2
Taiwan tz`u / tzu
Japanese hokora / ほこら
Chinese shrine; to offer a sacrifice
Japanese (kana only) hokora; small wayside shrine
The spring ancestral sacrifice; the spring; ancestral temple, tablet, etc.

see styles
Mandarin xiá / xia2
Taiwan hsia
Chinese triennial sacrifice to ancestors

see styles
Mandarin jì // zhài / ji4 // zhai4
Taiwan chi // chai
Japanese matsuri / まつり
Chinese to offer sacrifice; festive occasion; surname Zhai
Japanese festival; feast; (surname, female given name) Matsuri
Sacrifice, sacrificial; sacrifice or make offerings to one's ancestors

see styles
Mandarin yīn / yin1
Taiwan yin
Chinese sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin méi / mei2
Taiwan mei
Chinese heir-requesting sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin/ di4
Taiwan ti
Chinese imperial ancestral sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin yǒng / yong3
Taiwan yung
Chinese sacrifice

see styles
Mandarin tǎn / tan3
Taiwan t`an / tan
Chinese sacrifice at the end of mourning

see styles
Mandarin ráng / rang2
Taiwan jang
Japanese jō
Chinese sacrifice for avoiding calamity
To pray to avert.

Many custom options...


Better to sacrifice your life than your principles Vertical Wall Scroll
Better to sacrifice your life than your principles Vertical Wall Scroll
Better to sacrifice your life than your principles Vertical Wall Scroll
Better to sacrifice your life than your principles Vertical Wall Scroll


And formats...

Better to sacrifice your life than your principles Vertical Portrait
Better to sacrifice your life than your principles Horizontal Wall Scroll
Better to sacrifice your life than your principles Vertical Portrait
Dictionary

Lookup Sacrifice in my Japanese & Chinese Dictionary




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The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...

Title CharactersRomaji(Romanized Japanese)Various forms of Romanized Chinese
Sacrifice犧牲 / 犠牲
牺牲
gi sei / giseixī shēng / xi1 sheng1 / xi sheng / xishenghsi sheng / hsisheng
Self Sacrifice捨己
舍己
sutemi / sutekishě jǐ / she3 ji3 / she ji / shejishe chi / shechi
Sacrifice
Devotion
Dedication
獻身
献身
ken shin / kenshinxiàn shēn
xian4 shen1
xian shen
xianshen
hsien shen
hsienshen
Better to sacrifice your life than your principles捨生取義
舍生取义
shě shēng qǔ yì
she3 sheng1 qu3 yi4
she sheng qu yi
sheshengquyi
she sheng ch`ü i
sheshengchüi
she sheng chü i
In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.



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